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community based conservation

Maasai Steppe Community Wilderness Project (MSCWP)

Field Coordinator: Kim-Ellis Josch
Field Director: Matthew Melita
District Game Officer
Field Assistant: Samson Minja

Address: P.O. Box 12644 , Arusha , Tanzania , East Africa
Tel: +255 (for Tanzania ) 744 449234
Fax: +1 (for America ) 720 2938857
E-mail: ellis-josch@afsat.com

This project is presently winding down to a successful conclusion.

In 1995, Tazama!Trust, worked in cooperation with three international safari companies, the local Maasai community of Makame Village, the Kiteto District Council and the Wildlife Division of the Tanzanian government. Tazama!'s project was to help create a "pilot" project for Community Based Conservation (CBC) as a forerunner of what is now known as a "Wildlife Management Area" (WMA), a wildlife land policy which the Wildlife Division of the Tanzanian Government is now promoting.

With the MSCWP, Tazama! Trust acted as a neutral coordinator among local people, government agencies and safari operators, all concerned with the conservation of Natural Resources in Makame Village which is located in central Tanzania 's Maasai Steppe region. Before such a unique project, the safari operators only paid operating fees to the central government; however, revenues did not benefit the village level population that supports the wildlife on their land. To remedy this situation, TT set up a system by which the local people benefit financially from fees paid directly to them by safari operators; in exchange, Makame villagers set aside a wildlife conservation area where no permanent dwellings could be erected, nor tress could be cut or there could be any other destructive use of the environment and its natural resources. And, they also undertook the management of this protected area. At long last, the village itself was able to participate in the management decisions governing the use of natural resources on their land.

During the course of this project TT provided seminars in accounting, wildlife and tourist management and Natural Resource management. Once the land use of the area was pretty well understood, then TT helped the village formulate appropriate by-laws to govern the use, management and protection of resources on their land, as well as other activities that affected the village. The by-law process was completed in 2003.

With a final seminar on understanding the legalities of the new Government policy that governs WMAs, and how it interacts with other Government policies that may affect WMAs, such as land ownership policies, Tazama! Trust will officially pull out from its role as coordinator to Makame Village .

In 2004 we held a final seminar both in Makame Village and for the Kiteto District Council, with the kind support of the Sand County Trust, on understanding the legalities of the new Government policy that governs WMAs, and how it interacts with other Government policies that may affect WMAs, such a land ownership policies. Attendance was spectacular and the passing of information invaluable. Since this seminar, Tazama! Trust has officially pulled out from its role as coordinator to Makame Village.

In the future, we hope to secure funding in order to offer more essential seminars on Government Policies that affect village land rich in Natural Resources so that the Makame area can be kept abreast of the rapidly changing information and rights affecting them. We also are very eager to launch a village based monitoring team in Makame to carry out wildlife censuses and ecological surveys on an ongoing basis.

Approximately $10,000 is needed for these information seminars and to create an effective village based monitoring team.

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The Public Education & The Environment Project (PE & E)

Field Coordinator: Kimberly Ellis-Josch
Field Assistant:  Samson Minja

Address: P.O. Box 12644 , Arusha , Tanzania , East Africa
Tel: +255 (for Tanzania ) 744 449234
Fax: +1 (for America ) 720 2938857
E-mail: ellis-josch@afsat.com

Begun in 1995, the Tazama! Trust PE &E media project uses video, radio and print material to produce 10-30 minute programs in Kiswahili for the local population. These programs discuss the environmental concerns facing Tanzania 's people and Natural Resources including wildlife. These programs are designed to encourage the local Tanzanians and the National Government to sensibly and sustainably manage the natural resources on potentially ecological viable land and therefore ensure long lasting benefits to all parties and the environment.

Aimed at all users of the land, local communities, government officials, safari operators, the international community and wildlife managers, the range of issues proposed to be addressed are: charcoal burning; wildlife management; tourist, residential and local hunting; water issues; population influences; mining; waste management, fishing, etc.

In 1997, TT produced its first media blitz on the subject of Charcoal Burning . This program was aired countless times on ITV, one of the local television stations. The video also went out with a mobile unit (provided by PSI, TZ) to interior villages not accessible to television. TT also produced a half hour radio program that was aired on Radio Tanzania (with kind support of Gap Oil, TZ) and 3,000 illustrated pamphlets were circulated to the local communities (sponsored by World Wide Fund for Nature, TZ). TT has spread awareness far and wide on this very important subject.

"The Charcoal Burning Video was aired by Tanzania Television and seen by thousands in schools, government offices, environmental agencies and villages. It was well received. The message addressed everyone's role: the people who cut the trees, the people who sell the charcoal and the people who use it . .. all are responsible for impacting the environment." Kimberly Ellis-Josch

Each program costs approximately US $40,000 to research, produce, edit and distribute locally and worldwide. Unfortunately, TT has not yet been able to raise enough funds to produce its second media blitz.

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Natural Resource Mangement in the Monduli District

Field Coordinator: Kimberly Ellis-Josch
Field Director: Matthew Melita
District Land Use Officers
Field Assistant:  Samson Minja

Address: P.O. Box 12644 , Arusha , Tanzania , East Africa
Tel: +255(for Tanzania ) 744 449234
Fax: +1 (for America ) 720 2938857
E-mail: ellis-josch@afsat.com

We are presently working in the Monduli District which is made up of numerous villages. We have chosen to work with three villages in this District: Nguruka Chini, Salela, and Esilelai. We have chosen these villages because they comprise a core wildlife area.

The importance of this area within the Monduli District is that they are linked to the Northern Circuit (Ngorongoro Crater, Manyara National Park , Tarangire National Park , etc.), thus these 3 villages are within this Conservation Core Area. We have initiated this project by conducting base line surveys of each area to help the villages and the district officials and ourselves understand the Natural Resources which are pertinent to each area. Our aim is to help hold on to an important corridor and spill over areas for the wildlife. Because these areas are more suitable for wildlife conservation rather than say agricultural development, we believe that we can assist the villages to understand the value of the Natural Resources on their land and conserve it for their own sake and benefit, for they have the advantage of being self-directed and self determining. Thus they have the choice in such an area to govern their land and resources.

We have begun this project by conducting in-depth baseline surveys of each village and thus assessing the distribution of Natural Resources, people, water, vegetation, agriculture and wildlife. This work has been supervised by and performed by the Monduli District Council Land Use Officers, as they are experts in these fields.  We always work in close association with District Officers in the district under which our project lies. Our field director, Matthew Melita, is in attendance at all times as well.  Tazama! Trust is financially responsible for any work the district officers do or its field director does. After these initial surveys we began work first with Salela Village to help establish by-laws which will offer them ways to govern the management of their Natural Resources such as preventing charcoal burning, overuse of water supplies, abuse of wildlife etc. Once this stage is complete we intend to help the area determine viable activities that will bring financial benefit but also continued protection of some very important resources. Initiating a village wildlife monitoring system is also high on our agenda along with providing important seminars on subjects that will bring the people more awareness and tools to handle their responsibilities.

You can help with a small donation of $5,000 for each village which would allow us to do the whole job.

This project should take no more than 5 years to complete, by which time we should be able to close our part and feel sure the people have the means, the inclination and the information to make decisions that will serve their and their environment’s best interests.

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